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Different Types of Lung Infections

We can classify lung infections into three broad categories: bronchiolitis, pneumonia, and bronchitis. These three generally occur due to bacteria or a virus. Fungal lung infections are not very common, and generally, immunosuppressed people suffer from them. They receive immunosuppression mainly from types of HIV or cancer or consuming immunosuppressive medications. If you are suffering from a cough that just won’t go away, visit AFC Urgent Care Saugus. Our physicians can help diagnose and treat all patients with respiratory illnesses

Upper Respiratory Illnesses

One common illness experience in the upper respiratory tract includes the common sinusitis or sinus infection, the common cold and flu, and laryngitis (an infection in the voice box). You may feel the most common symptoms in these include a sore throat, a runny nose or a stuffed-up nose, aching muscles, and frequent headaches.

Lower Respiratory Illnesses

The lower respiratory tract can develop more severe infections, which can take longer to heal and even worsen. Apart from the regular flu, the other illnesses you can develop in the lower respiratory tract include tuberculosis, bronchiolitis, bronchitis, and pneumonia. Tuberculosis is quite an intense lung infection and can cause severe complications, while bronchiolitis generally affects children and babies’ small airways.

Different Types of Lung Infections and their Symptoms

  1. Swine Flu (H1N1)- this respiratory infection occurs because of the Influenza-A virus. The symptoms you may experience include diarrhea, vomiting, joint pain, muscle pain, chills, headache, throat pain, and even fever.
  2. Pertussis- we also refer to this infection as whooping cough. When you suffer bouts of violent and uncontrollable coughing, consider it a typical characteristic of lung infection. This is generally the only main symptom you will experience in this infection. This can be fatal for babies under 12 months. 
  3. Bird Flu- Influenza-A virus also causes this infection. The most common bird flu symptoms include a runny nose, sore throat, confusion, body aches, headache, diarrhea, and even breathing difficulty. High fever is another common characteristic, and it wouldn’t be wrong to describe bird flu as a life-threatening infection.
  4. Enterovirus- is a group of common viruses that cause nearly 15 million infections a year. This group features several types of non-polio enteroviruses, and stats have recorded wide outbreaks of mouth, foot, and hand diseases thus far. It is mostly similar to a common cold, with symptoms including muscle and body aches, mouth blisters, skin rash, sneezing, runny nose, and fever. In some cases, patients may also have wheezing and problematic breathing.
  5. Coronavirus- this has been the most rampant respiratory tract illness since late 2019. It includes two kinds of infections: mainly the SARS-CoV, severe acute respiratory syndrome, and MERS-CoV, the Middle East Respiratory Syndrome. Symptoms of these include:
  • Body or muscle aches
  • Chills or fever
  • Sore throat
  • Vomiting or nausea
  • Shortness of breath or cough
  • Diarrhea
  • Loss of smell or taste
  • Runny nose and congestion
  • Chest pain or chest tightness